who were the 3 people who served as models for Gandhi’s ideas?
2.Henry David Thoreau
what did Socrates prove to people and how did this affect his fate?
-proved to people that they really didn’t know anything
-he was a martyr (a person who is killed cus of their religious or other beliefs)
-killed cus he taught children that rlly didn’t know anything and when they told parents they rlly didn’t know anything, made them mad
what religion did Socrates study, but what ended up being his overall religious beliefs?
-for a while studied Christianity & thought about converting
-however, said he was an atheist
what type of government did Socrates think was dangerous for Athens?
what was the “Sermon on the Mount” and what sort of impact did it have on Socrates?
-Sermon on the Mount= collection of teachings of Jesus
-he put these up on his wall…followed his teachings
what did Socrates & Jesus have in common?
both were models of martyrs
what did Thoreau write a book about?
-wrote a book that focused on seeing holiness in nature
-going out in nature and worshipping God…can find him there
what did Thoreau believe in?
-civil disobedience (disobeying non-violently)
of what social class was Leo Tolstoy, which means that he owned what?
-therefore, owned serfs (slaves that were purchased w/ land)
how did Tolstoy treat serfs?
-didn’t think it was very just how most nobles treated serfs
-so, lived like the serfs; very humbly
-very sympathetic to common serfs
what Hindu traditions did Gandhi follow?
-holiness of all things…including untouchables…therefore, treated them fairly
-vegetarianism- wasn’t required of him
what is the main practice of Jainism and how does it relate to the word “Ahimsa?”
-non-violence (Gandhi had very strong anti-violent values)
-Ahimsa= in Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain tradition, the pricniple of nonviolence toward all living things
describe the Jain practice of fasting and how did Gandhi implement this into his beliefs?
-some Jains later in their lives will fast all the way to death to prove holiness
-Gandhi didn’t do this, but implemented fasting to prove beliefs
what is the word that stands for Gandhi’s “civil disobedience” and what is the literal definition of the word?
-def= “Truth Force”
what is an ashram and did Gandhi come up with this idea?
-a place of religious retreat; religious commune
-Gandhi didn’t come up w/ ashrams
what does “Mahatma” mean and who was called this?